El asesinato de Lord Mountbatten por parte del IRA: hechos y consecuencias

El asesinato de Lord Mountbatten por parte del IRA: hechos y consecuencias

El espantoso asesinato por parte del IRA en 1979 de un amado miembro de la realeza británica, que tuvo lugar el mismo día que un ataque mortal coordinado contra las tropas británicas, provocó indignación, angustia y una intensificación de "Los Problemas", el conflicto de Irlanda del Norte que duró décadas.

El Ejército Republicano Irlandés Provisional se atribuyó la responsabilidad del asesinato el 27 de agosto de 1979 de Lord Louis Mountbatten, 79, Conde de Birmania, bisnieto de la Reina Victoria, prima segunda de la Reina Isabel II y tío abuelo del Príncipe Carlos. El héroe de la Segunda Guerra Mundial y último virrey de la India estaba a bordo de su Sombra V barco de pesca con otros seis cerca de su casa de verano en el noroeste de Irlanda la mañana del ataque.

Un día soleado se vuelve sombrío

El 27 de agosto de 1979, festivo nacional, había amanecido soleado, tras días de lluvia. “Dickie” Mountbatten y algunos miembros de su familia que se habían alojado en su casa de vacaciones, el castillo de Classibawn cerca de la aldea de Cliffoney, condado de Sligo en la República de Irlanda, decidieron hacer una excursión en su barco para disfrutar del buen tiempo.

Quince minutos después de zarpar, dos miembros del IRA Provisional activaron una bomba colocada, un grupo paramilitar de nacionalistas irlandeses que emprendieron una campaña terrorista para expulsar a las fuerzas británicas de Irlanda del Norte para crear una nación unida e independiente. Conocido como "los Problemas", el conflicto se prolongó durante 25 años antes de que se iniciaran el IRA y los ceses del fuego leales. En 1998, el año en que el Viernes Santo o el Acuerdo de Belfast resolvieron el conflicto, habían muerto más de 3.600 personas.

"El barco estuvo allí un minuto y al minuto siguiente era como un montón de cerillas flotando en el agua", dijo un testigo al New York Times.

El grupo de siete a bordo del Sombra incluía a Mountbatten, su hija Patricia, su esposo, Lord John Brabourne, sus gemelos de 14 años, Timothy y Nicholas, y la madre de Lord Brabourne, la viuda Lady Doreen Brabourne. Paul Maxwell, de 15 años, un amigo de la familia que trabajaba en el barco, también estaba a bordo. Mountbatten, Nicholas Brabourne y Maxwell fueron asesinados de inmediato. Lady Brabourne murió al día siguiente y los demás sobrevivieron a heridas graves.

"Cincuenta libras de gelignita explotaron, enviando al aire lluvias de madera, metal, cojines, chalecos salvavidas y zapatos", Andrew Lownie, autor de Los Mountbattens: sus vidas y amores, escribió para la BBC. "Entonces, hubo un silencio mortal".

Pero la explosión no fue la única carnicería ese día. Más tarde esa tarde, 18 soldados británicos murieron cerca de la frontera irlandesa en Warrenpoint en una emboscada del IRA. "Fue el número de muertos más alto para el ejército británico en los 10 años desde que fue enviado para sofocar los combates entre militantes católicos y protestantes", según el Veces.

Mountbatten, mentor del príncipe Carlos, fue un blanco fácil

Mountbatten fue un objetivo tanto sentimental como simbólico. “Era uno de los miembros más respetados de la familia real y se desempeñaba como mentor del príncipe Carlos”, dice Jeffrey Lewis, profesor del Programa de Estudios Internacionales de la Universidad Estatal de Ohio.

Mountbatten también fue un blanco fácil. La bomba había sido colocada en su bote sin vigilancia la noche anterior a su asesinato. Había estado de vacaciones en la ciudad irlandesa de Mullaghmore durante la década de 1970 y se había negado al personal de seguridad, a pesar de las repetidas amenazas del IRA Provisional de asesinarlo. Mountbatten había declarado: "¿Quién diablos querría matar a un anciano de todos modos?"

Brendan O'Leary, profesor de ciencias políticas en la Universidad de Pensilvania y autor de Tratado sobre Irlanda del Norte, señala que, si bien Mountbatten no podría haber predicho que el IRA colocaría y dispararía una bomba en su bote, había sido negligente con su propia seguridad.

“Había sido comandante supremo aliado en el sudeste asiático y se decía que había sido el almirante más joven en la historia de la Armada”, dice. “También se le conocía como el último virrey de la India, que había supervisado su partición. Por lo tanto, era una figura pública muy prominente, pero un hombre retirado de 79 años, que no desempeñaba ningún papel en las fuerzas de seguridad británicas en Irlanda del Norte y que regularmente pasaba las vacaciones en Irlanda, no podía describirse como un objetivo de guerra legítimo ".

Timothy White, profesor de ciencias políticas en la Universidad Xavier que imparte cursos sobre cultura y política irlandesas, agrega que al asesinar a uno de los miembros más queridos de la familia real, el IRA esperaba convencer a los británicos de que abandonaran Irlanda del Norte y permitieran que Irlanda del Norte siguiera adelante. unirse a la república de Irlanda.

“Al matar a una figura pública y de tan alto perfil, el IRA quería que todos en Inglaterra sintieran miedo del potencial del IRA para aterrorizar a la población británica”, dice.

Una declaración del IRA Provisional se atribuyó la responsabilidad inmediata de la "ejecución" de Mountbatten, calificándola de "un acto discriminatorio para llamar la atención del pueblo inglés sobre la ocupación continua de nuestro país". ... La muerte de Lord Mountbatten y los tributos que se le rendirán contrastarán con la apatía del gobierno británico y del pueblo inglés ante la muerte de más de 300 soldados británicos y la muerte de hombres, mujeres y niños irlandeses a manos de sus fuerzas . "

El fabricante de bombas del IRA provisional Thomas McMahon, de 31 años, fue declarado culpable del ataque de Mountbatten y condenado a cadena perpetua. El activista del IRA Francis McGirl, de 24 años, fue absuelto. McMahon fue liberado de prisión después de cumplir 19 años como parte del Acuerdo del Viernes Santo.

LEER MÁS: Cómo Escocia, Gales e Irlanda del Norte se convirtieron en parte del Reino Unido.

Miedo e indignación

Los ataques del 27 de agosto llevaron a un miedo e indignación generalizados en la región, según Lewis.

“La naturaleza indiscriminada del ataque llevó a muchos a condenar al IRA como salvaje y cobarde”, dice. “Al mismo tiempo, la sofisticación de la bomba —fue detonada por control remoto por radio— junto con la emboscada de Warrenpoint sugirió que el IRA se estaba volviendo más peligroso y capaz. Esta combinación, salvajismo junto con competencia táctica, fue muy inquietante ".

Entre los ingleses, la reacción en el Parlamento, periódicos y noticieros, fue de indignación. O'Leary, quien creció en Irlanda del Norte y Sudán, señala que Mountbatten había sido un héroe de guerra e importante mentor del Príncipe Carlos. Su asesinato y el de su nieto y la suegra de su hija "fueron considerados especialmente escandalosos". En Irlanda, agrega, hubo indignación por el asesinato de un invitado, así como de niños y una mujer que no tenían conexiones públicas ni con las fuerzas de seguridad.

"Los unionistas del Ulster pidieron una mayor seguridad y llamaron a la República de Irlanda un refugio seguro para los terroristas; de hecho, la policía irlandesa pudo identificar y condenar al organizador del bombardeo del barco de Mountbatten con pruebas forenses", dice O'Leary. Agrega que entre quienes simpatizaron con las causas del IRA, más apoyaron el ataque de soldados del Regimiento de Paracaidistas, que había estado detrás de la masacre de civiles el Domingo Sangriento de enero de 1972, que el asesinato de un anciano abuelo jubilado y su familia.

Margaret Thatcher, primera ministra electa justo antes del asesinato, vio al IRA como una organización criminal, más que política. Ella respondió retirando los derechos políticos asociados con el estatus de prisionero de guerra para los prisioneros del IRA. El IRA respondió a su vez con una huelga de hambre. El líder de la huelga de hambre, el nacionalista irlandés Bobby Sands, fue elegido miembro del Parlamento británico, pero moriría en prisión a causa de su huelga de hambre el 5 de mayo de 1981. En última instancia, dice White, el asesinato de Mountbatten y su familia marcó un crudo y oscuro período por delante para Inglaterra e Irlanda del Norte.

LEER MÁS: Ejército Republicano Irlandés: Cronología


Mountbatten estaba de vacaciones en su casa de verano en Classiebawn Castle en Mullaghmore, un pueblo costero en el condado de Sligo que estaba a solo 12 millas de la frontera con Irlanda del Norte.

El 27 de agosto, el miembro del IRA Thomas McMahon logró colarse en el barco Shadow V, colocando y luego detonando una bomba controlada por radio en el barco en el que Mountbatten y otros seis amigos y familiares estaban pescando.

El bote fue destruido por la explosión y Mountbatten fue sacado vivo del bote, pero murió a causa de sus heridas cuando lo llevaron a la orilla. Nicholas Knatchbull, de 14 años, también murió en la explosión, al igual que el miembro de la tripulación local de 15 años, Paul Maxwell. Lady Brabourne murió en el hospital al día siguiente.

El IRA se atribuyó la responsabilidad de su muerte y emitió un comunicado en ese momento: “Esta operación es una de las formas discriminadas en las que podemos llamar la atención del pueblo inglés sobre la ocupación continua de nuestro país ... La muerte de Mountbatten y los homenajes rendidos a se le verá en marcado contraste con la apatía del gobierno británico y el pueblo inglés ante la muerte de más de trescientos soldados británicos y la muerte de hombres, mujeres y niños irlandeses a manos de sus fuerzas ".


El asesinato de Lord Mountbatten por parte del IRA: hechos y consecuencias - HISTORIA

& ldquoUna gente que no tiene conocimiento de su pasado es como un árbol sin raíces & rdquo

Classiebawn y el asesinato de Lord Mountbatten en Mullaghmore, condado Sligo: una retrospectiva

Éramos como hormigas, o abejas obreras, y tan susceptibles a los caprichos del viento y el clima como sacudimos el heno en los cálidos días de verano, o hacemos 'lsquolappings' febrilmente si la lluvia estaba en camino. La mayor parte del tiempo lo fue. Por encima de nosotros, Classiebawn, esa gran masa impresionante de piedra arenisca de Mountcharles construida en la década de 1860 por el dos veces primer ministro de Inglaterra, Lord Palmerston, miraba impasible hacia abajo. Compitiendo por la atención con Benbulben y Maeve & rsquos Knocknarea, esos majestuosos hitos naturales, falló y mdash pero solo por poco.

Demasiado ocupados con las preocupaciones de los cultivos, el ganado y la supervivencia en los hambrientos y lsquo50, no sabíamos nada de la historia del castillo y rsquos, y nos importaba menos. Los ataúdes de Palmerston & rsquos, los desalojos por hambre, todos habían retrocedido hacia una amnesia colectiva. Demasiado horribles para recordar, fueron borrados de la memoria durante mucho tiempo.

Los propietarios de Classiebawn & rsquos, los Ashley, estaban ausentes. La familia Bracken eran guardabosques / administradores de la finca: el soltero Watty, Jules y su esposa, y su hija, Yvonne. Usando pantalones de tweed, chaquetas y sombreros, solo su forma de vestir los señalaba como diferentes a todos los demás en el área. Su relación con los aldeanos de Mullaghmore era de Jekyll y Hyde. En las oscuras noches de invierno patrullaban las propiedades de Classiebawn con escopetas y linternas, protegiendo las madrigueras de conejos de Lord Ashley y rsquos. Los cazadores furtivos locales con lámparas de carburo y perros jugaban al gato y al ratón con ellos. A veces, los cazadores furtivos ganaban y se llevaban un montón de conejos, a veces los Bracken tenían éxito y los malhechores se veían obligados a defender su caso ante un D.J. en el Tribunal de Distrito de Grange.

Cuando llegó la mañana, todo siguió como de costumbre. Los hombres que tuvieron escaramuzas con los guardabosques y robaron los conejos del propietario y rsquos la noche anterior ahora fueron a los Bracken en busca de permiso para cortar una carga de leña en los bosques de Classiebawn. Una carreta de madera cuesta cinco chelines. Todo era muy civilizado, casi un juego, ya nadie le pareció extraño. Era como si nada hubiera pasado la noche anterior. Los Bracken también tenían una lechería. Cuando nuestras vacas se secaron, compramos leche y, a veces, deliciosa mantequilla salada casera, de esas personas que eran tan diferentes a nosotros, pero de una manera desapegada, que aún formaban parte de nuestra comunidad.

Los republicanos se alojaron en Classiebawn durante la Guerra de Independencia. Una vez fueron tomados y retenidos allí rehenes para asegurar la liberación de los prisioneros del IRA condenados, Johnson, O & rsquoShea y MacBride. El castillo fue minado con dinamita: ¡cualquier intento de rescate y volaría por los aires! Si los Bracken notaron algo inusual en sus patrullas, y debieron haberlo hecho, no dijeron nada. & lsquoLess dicho es más fácil de arreglar & rsquo era un viejo dicho del país. Aunque estaban a sueldo de Classiebawn, las personas que vivían en la pequeña comunidad de Mullaghmore eran sus amigos y vecinos.

Durante la Guerra Civil, los soldados del nuevo Freestate estaban estacionados allí. Muchos años después, la guerra era un recuerdo que se desvanecía, Jules Bracken a menudo se detenía en nuestra casa. Inclinándose sobre la zanja de piedra, mi padre y él habló durante horas. Sobre las preocupaciones de los pequeños agricultores, supongo: los precios del ganado, el clima, ¿se salvará el césped este año? ¡No menciones a los cazadores furtivos y mdash o la guerra!

Lord Louis Mountbatten se casó con la hija de Lord Ashley & rsquos, Edwina, en 1922 y así pasó a ser propiedad de Classiebawn y su extensa finca. Tras el despojo del clan O & rsquoConnor a finales del siglo XVII, el antepasado de Edwina, Sir John Temple, anexó 10.000 acres de tierra durante las confiscaciones de Cromwell en el siglo XVII.

Sir John era el maestro de los Rolls en Irlanda y mdash y también un hombre de letras. Tras la rebelión de 1641, escribió un libro titulado 'Historia de la rebelión general de Irlanda '. Fue esta burda exageración de los acontecimientos del Levantamiento de 1641 lo que a partir de entonces los leales y mdash tomaron como un verdadero registro histórico y como una justificación de Cromwell por sus excesos en sus campañas irlandesas. Según DeBurca, fue "un éxito sobresaliente como pieza de propaganda, tuvo el mayor impacto de cualquier libro sobre la historia de Irlanda". Debido a su descarado carácter sectario y teniendo como objetivo la incitación al odio en Inglaterra contra los irlandeses, tenía la distinción única de ser condenado por el Parlamento irlandés y destruido públicamente por el verdugo común en Dublín.
Bajo Guillermo de Orange, Temple fue nombrado Fiscal General y Portavoz de la Cámara de los Comunes de Irlanda.

Pero eso fue hace mucho tiempo y Sir John nunca puso un pie en Mullaghmore. El pueblo en sí se convirtió en una "ciudad lsquogarrison". Fue a Mullaghmore donde las clases de ascendencia llegaron en masa durante las vacaciones de verano a las logias Henry John Temple & rsquos (Lord Palmerston) construidas para ellos junto al puerto. Llegando con gran pompa y ceremonia, toda la nobleza terrateniente de Sligo y los condados circundantes estaban allí: los Le Strange, los Maudes, los O & rsquoHara & rsquos, Wynnes, Gores, Richardsons, Percevals, Hosies y Cookes. Protegiéndolos era un R.I.C. presencia en Cliffoney y una estación de guardacostas cerca del pueblo de Mullaghmore.

Mientras estos ricos terratenientes residían en la residencia, la población local se vio obligada a trabajar como cocineras, empleadas domésticas, jarveras, meseros y meseras. Tras el Levantamiento de Pascua de 1916 y los sucesos posteriores que llevaron a la libertad irlandesa en 1923, la estrella de aquellas personas privilegiadas y poderosas se desvaneció. No volvieron más a Mullaghmore. Con el cambio y la partida de las familias de ascendencia, algunos lugareños fueron recompensados ​​por su servicio, adquiriendo negocios y edificios locales que alguna vez fueron propiedad de los herederos de Classiebawn.

Sin embargo, en el propio castillo de Classiebawn, ahora propiedad de Lord Ashley (madre de Mountbatten y esposa de rsquos), nada cambió. Las visitas de Lord Ashley & rsquos a Mullaghmore eran esporádicas. Más tarde, cuando Lord Louis y Edwina Ashley-Mountbatten comenzaron sus visitas regulares a Mullaghmore, una vez más resultó ser una bendición para algunos lugareños que trabajaban en el servicio doméstico, esta vez en el castillo de Classiebawn. Los Mountbatten venían de vacaciones anuales a su castillo de Sligo. Bien acostumbrados a los turistas visitantes, sus estancias ocasionales no crearon gran revuelo en el pueblo, a excepción de algunos lugareños que proporcionaron personal de cocina y comedor. Para la mayoría de nosotros, el único indicio de que estaban en residencia era la bandera de la casa que ondeaba desde el techo. O podríamos ver el barco malogrado, Shadow V, saliendo del puerto o regresando. A veces, se podía ver al propio anciano jugando con una red para camarones en el puerto.

¿Qué tipo de persona era él? ¿Qué pensaba de los lugareños y mdash o de los irlandeses en general? ¿Cuáles fueron sus políticas?

Estos asuntos no nos interesaban entonces. En su mayor parte, ellos se ocupaban de sus asuntos y nosotros nos ocupamos de los nuestros. No teníamos nada en común con ellos, ni ellos con nosotros. La mayoría no tenía idea de su estrecha relación con la familia real británica, o que era el bisnieto de la infame reina Victoria, ni le importaba.

Quizás recordando los excesos de Lord Palmerston & rsquos en tiempos de hambruna, o la apatía de la reina Victoria, otros no estaban tan dispuestos a dar dispensa a sus herederos. ¿Y no eran todavía seis condados de suelo irlandés en poder de los británicos? De no ser por la vigilancia de un pescador local, el barco de Mountbatten, el Shadow V, se habría hundido y eso fue años antes del asesinato. Alguien le había hecho agujeros en el trasero cuando estaba castigada con agua baja esperando que la marea de llenado la rematara. Esto debería haber servido como una advertencia, pero fue descartado como un acto insignificante de vandalismo.

Dada la escala del conflicto a unas pocas millas en Irlanda del Norte, era casi inevitable que este nieto de la reina Victoria, tío del príncipe Felipe, fuera almirante retirado de la flota, en un tiempo comandante de las fuerzas aliadas en el sudeste asiático, último virrey de la India, el Primer Lord del Mar y el Conde de Birmania serían un objetivo principal para algún tipo de manifestación política.

En 1960, el administrador de la propiedad de Mountbatten & rsquos, Patrick O & rsquoGrady, planteó preguntas a la Gardai sobre la seguridad de Earl & rsquos. "Si bien todo apunta al hecho de que no se contempló en ningún momento ningún ataque de ningún tipo contra el Conde, por parte de elementos subversivos", fue la respuesta, "en mi opinión, sería pedir demasiado para decir en efecto que podemos garantizar su seguridad mientras se encuentre en este país". país. & rdquo Mountbatten se burló de una importante presencia de seguridad diciendo que él, & ldquow estaba acostumbrado a dar órdenes, no a tomarlas. & rdquo

¿Quiénes fueron los elementos subversivos del informe? No fue favorecido por organismos como & ldquoThe League of Empire Leyalists & rdquo. Sintieron que sus puntos de vista sobre la partición eran demasiado liberales y él era, "muy amigable hacia el clero católico, particularmente los jesuitas". , en la década de 1950. Entre la multitud vestida de negro que pasó un tiempo allí estaba el famoso fotógrafo, el p. Browne.

La vida transcurría normalmente en el pequeño pueblo costero de Mullaghmore en ese fatídico agosto de 1979. Llegaban y se iban turistas. Llovió casi todos los días y el verano llegó a un final empapado. Paul Maxwell y yo tripulamos en el barco pesquero de Freddy Conaghans el & lsquoKilkiloguey rsquo, redes de deriva para el salmón. Pasamos largas noches disparando y acarreando redes, charlando mientras trabajábamos. Era un joven agradable y no merecía el final que le esperaba.

Detrás de la apariencia aparentemente normal de la vida del pueblo, no todo podría haber sido lo que parecía. Otras pasiones hervían a fuego lento y los movimientos del visitante inglés y los rsquos seguramente eran monitoreados por ojos secretos y vigilantes. Se celebraron reuniones y se tramaron planes. La muerte tejió una trampa mortal mientras la aldea dormía.

La fatídica mañana del lunes 27 de agosto de 1979 llegó brillante y clara. & lsquoHope springs forever & rsquo, y parecía que por fin podría haber un buen tiempo por delante. Mountbatten y su familia se encontraban entre los muchos veraneantes que aprovecharon el buen día, prepararon el barco, dejaron el puerto de Mullaghmore y se hicieron a la mar con entusiasmo. Todos a bordo estaban de buen humor cuando Paul Maxwell condujo el Shadow V por Mullaghmore Head hasta el caladero.

El hombre local Martin Dowdican, aprovechando la luz del sol, trabajó su heno en el campo de arriba. Después de todo, podría salvarse si este clima solo se mantuviera durante uno o dos días. Mientras miraba mientras trabajaba en las alturas con vista a la bahía, notó que el bote verde se movía suavemente hacia los marcadores de olla de langosta afuera de Oilean Ruadh. El verde era el color favorito de Edwina.

La explosión escuchada en todo el mundo

De repente hubo una explosión masiva. Una columna de agua, fragmentos de barco y cuerpos destrozados estallaron en el aire. La gente miró hacia arriba con sorpresa cuando las ventanas temblaron cuando las ondas de choque golpearon a millas de distancia en Cliffoney y Bunduff. Se preguntaban qué podía haber hecho tanto ruido. Como muchos otros, pensé que el sonido provenía del Finner Army Camp al otro lado de la bahía. A menudo escuchamos disparos y explosiones en esa dirección.

Martin Dowdican quedó congelado en el acto. Era demasiado para asimilar. Los que estaban en los alrededores miraron hacia el sonido a tiempo para ver los restos astillados de Shadow V caer al mar en una furia tumultuosa de espuma y agua. El padre de Paul Maxwell & rsquos, John, al escuchar lo que reconoció como una explosión, fue inmediatamente al muelle. Los barcos se apresuraron desde el puerto hasta el lugar de la explosión para ver cómo podían ayudar.

Cuatro murieron ese día: Mountbatten, su nieto Nicholas, Lady Brabourne y Paul Maxwell. Lady Patricia, su esposo y Timothy resultaron gravemente heridos, pero sobrevivieron. Afortunadamente para ellos, el día fue bueno y los barcos de los alrededores se apresuraron inmediatamente al rescate. Si el incidente hubiera ocurrido en cualquier momento con el mal tiempo de los días anteriores, no habría habido otros barcos en el mar, ningún superviviente.

Los pescadores recogieron madera fragmentada y destrozada, piezas no más grandes que palillos de fósforo y apenas reconocibles como parte de un bote, durante días después de la explosión. Gardai los recogió y los juntó en un esfuerzo por descubrir exactamente qué había sucedido: dónde exactamente en el bote estaba escondida la bomba, cómo detonó qué tipo de explosivos. En los viajes de pesca de langosta encontré muchas de esas piezas y se las entregué. Las mareas los habían llevado por toda la bahía. Un helicóptero sobrevoló el lugar durante semanas. Los buzos bajaron para rastrear el lecho marino en busca de pistas.

El mismo día de la explosión en Mullaghmore, el ejército británico sufrió el mayor número de bajas en un solo incidente en Irlanda del Norte. Dieciocho soldados británicos murieron en una explosión en Warrenpoint, Co. Down. El I.R.A. se atribuyó la responsabilidad de ambos incidentes.

Si el & lsquoshot oído en todo el mundo & rsquo se disparó en Concord, EE. UU. En 1775, entonces la explosión que se escuchó en todo el mundo se desencadenó en Mullaghmore en 1979. Reporteros de los medios de comunicación impresos y televisivos internacionales acudieron a la aldea. Llenaron sus hoteles y casas de huéspedes y mdash en aniversarios, todavía lo hacen. Las cosas nunca volverían a ser iguales aquí. Mullaghmore había entrado en los libros de historia para siempre vinculado a una cadena de caos y carnicería en la lucha milenaria: Benburb, Kinsale, Drogheda, Killala, Omagh, Collooney, Falls Road, Shankill, Loughgall, Enniskillen, Greysteel, Mullaghmore: una triste letanía . ¿Terminará alguna vez? ¿Se mantendrá el proceso de paz?

El día del asesinato, 29 de agosto de 1979, Hugh Tunney, el actual propietario de Classiebawn, afirma que el joven Knatchbull le preguntó a su madre, Lady Pamela Mountbatten: "¿Por qué le hicieron esto al abuelo?" Su enigmática respuesta fue: 'Oh, ellos tienen sus razones hijo, tienen sus razones'.

"Tengo un lugar en Eire, Classiebawn Castle en el condado de Sligo", dijo Mountbatten en una reunión del Empire Club de Canadá en 1967, "y yo y mi familia no podríamos ser tratados con mayor amistad por los irlandeses". La abuela de mi yerno era el Marchionness de Sligo que murió no hace mucho a la edad de 98 años. Poco antes de la segunda elección a la que se presentó el Sr. De Valera, Lady Sligo preguntó a su jardinero jefe: "¿Cree que el Sr. De Valera? ¿Será reelegido? ". Él respondió:" Por supuesto que lo hará, Señoría, después de todo, fueron los pobres quienes lo eligieron la última vez, y ahora hay muchos más pobres ".

Parecía mal que la tierra no gritara.

Hugh Tunney, propietario reciente ahora fallecido, en lo alto del castillo de Classiebawn

Se cree que la bomba fue activada por un dispositivo de control remoto desde los acantilados que dominan la bahía. Thomas McMahon de Monaghan y Francie McGirl de Leitrim fueron juzgados por el asesinato y condenados en un tribunal sin jurado. Desde entonces, Mc Mahon ha sido puesto en libertad. Mc Girl murió en un accidente agrícola. Mullaghmore hoy es un próspero pueblo de vacaciones compuesto principalmente por casas de vacaciones para los ricos. Sus yates abarrotan el puerto, construido por Lord Palmerston en 1820, y se derraman en el mar más allá. Los turistas abarrotan el pueblo en los meses de verano. Los sitios de construcción se venden por cifras astronómicas.

Una vez parado en la playa de Omaha en Normandía, donde tuvo lugar el desembarco del día D, me pregunté si las cosas podrían ser tan normales en un lugar donde la muerte llovía del mar y el cielo, donde miles de personas murieron horriblemente: cuerpos mutilados en una hebra empapada de sangre y llena de tripas. . Las olas lamían suavemente la orilla arenosa a mis pies. Un mar plácido reflejaba cielos azules y se extendía interminablemente hasta el horizonte. De alguna manera parecía mal que la tierra no gritara, no gritara de angustia y llorara eternamente en un lugar así.

En Mullaghmore hoy las aguas ondulan pacíficamente alrededor Oilean Ruadh. Las brumas del tiempo se han cerrado y no han dejado rastro del sangriento evento de hace veinticinco años. Quizás en algún lugar de nuestro subconsciente se aferra una sombra oscura y mdash, pero Sliabh League y la costa de Donegal aún deleitan nuestros ojos mientras contemplamos el lugar del asesinato desde Mullaghmore & rsquos 'Circular Road'.

Classiebawn tiene un nuevo dueño ahora. Todavía se erige con orgullo en la cima de Fairy Rock y, sin embargo, compite por la magnificencia con los orgullosos Benbulben y Maeve & rsquos Knocknarea. Todavía falla & mdash pero solo por poco.

Para una revisión del relato del asesinato de Timothy Knatchbull, ver a continuación.

Ziegler, Phillip: Mountbatten: la biografía oficial, (Collins, 1985)

La vida y los tiempos de Lord Mountbatten (Hutchinson, 1968)

Diácono, Richard: La mayor traición (Random Century Ltd.)

Winters, Gordon: Secretos de la realeza

4 de junio de 2020 En un libro publicado recientemente 'The Mountbattens: Their Lives and Loves', el autor Andrew Lownie afirma que Mountbatten era un pedófilo que traficaba con niños a Classiebawn: https://villagemagazine.ie/a-kincora-boy-abused-by- mountbatten-se suicidó-unos-meses-tarde /? fbclid = IwAR3NO18Qj_L7XgcnOHeYp9BqKpbBIaAO0yiVEraNK3_67FbJucg2zf72Sik

& quot. El Gardai tenía seguridad en la finca Mountbatten & rsquos y debe haber tomado nota de las placas de registro de los visitantes. Esto significa que Gardai debería tener registros de agosto de 1977 que indicaron la llegada del automóvil perteneciente a Joe Mains, el alcaide del notorio Kincora Boys & rsquo Home porque traficaba con al menos dos niños a Classiebawn ese mes. Si los registros aún existen, el comisionado de la Garda, Drew Harris (ex-RUC y ex-PSNI vincular al hombre al MI5) ¿Se encargaron de que sean liberados y demuestren de una vez por todas que existía un anillo de Vice Ring angloirlandés y que involucraba a Joe Mains?
La investigación de Lownie & rsquos desenterró varios archivos del FBI que revelan que Lord Mountbatten & ldquow era un homosexual con lujuria por los niños pequeños & rdquo. El expediente del FBI fue compilado por agentes estadounidenses durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial y la Crisis de Suez. Los estadounidenses comenzaron a compilar el archivo Mountbatten en febrero de 1944, poco después de que Mountbatten se convirtiera en Comandante Supremo Aliado del Sudeste Asiático. Continuaron aumentando durante las siguientes tres décadas. & quot

Libro de Knatchbull 'From a Clear Blue Sky': una revisión

Timothy Knatchbull, sobreviviente del asesinato de Mountbatten en Mullaghmore, Co. Sligo, ha grabado y publicado para el 30 aniversario un relato personal del incidente en un libro titulado From a Clear Blue Sky. El libro es difícil de revisar ya que uno siente que, dada su dramática experiencia, se le debería permitir sin duda este viaje de curación espiritual. Es esencialmente un ejercicio catártico para aceptar la ocurrencia.
Sin embargo, la revisión en línea del libro de The Times dice que: & lsquo & hellip A pesar de todas sus cualidades, dudaría en llamar a Timothy Knatchbull, nieto de Mountbatten & rsquos, & ldquoold school & rdquo. En From a Clear Blue Sky, su relato plagante de la inocencia que perdió cuando tenía 14 años en agosto de 1979, cuando el IRA detonó una bomba en el barco de su familia y rsquos en Irlanda, lleva el corazón en la manga. Este enfoque no le habría servido a su abuelo. Maxwell le había preguntado una vez a Mountbatten sobre sus experiencias en la Segunda Guerra Mundial, particularmente cuando su barco, el HMS Kelly, se hundió. El niño le preguntó al anciano si alguna vez se asustó durante la batalla.
"Sí", fue la respuesta. & ldquo¡Pero maldita sea, no lo demuestres! & rdquo & hellip & rsquo

Zona de confort
En el transcurso de este libro, Knatchbull no abandona su zona de confort. Aparte de los involucrados en el rescate, sus conversaciones son exclusivamente con seguidores y admiradores del castillo. Sus observaciones muestran una ignorancia abismal del campo irlandés, su gente y su historia. Él concede tanto en un pasaje donde escribe & lsquo & hellipin nuestro castillo de granito detrás de un muro de la propiedad y puertas con cresta, estábamos divididos física y socialmente de la comunidad y rsquo.
Aunque admite esto, no ha aprendido nada de él, ya que su prejuicio se muestra claramente a lo largo del libro. Por ejemplo, algunas de las personas sobre las que escribe se identifican como "partidarios de lsquoRepublican", pero en ninguna parte identifica a ninguno de sus informantes leales como "partidarios de lsquoRepublican".
Su libro está plagado de suposiciones falsas y teorías de conspiración. Por ejemplo, en la página 274 menciona un & lsquoservice for peace & rsquo donde su tía dijo que fue muy valiente que la gente asistiera ya que & lsquothe IRA podía identificar fácilmente a todos los participantes & rsquo. De hecho, simpatizantes y activistas republicanos participaron en esa ceremonia en solidaridad con el joven Maxwell y la familia Mountbatten. Uno de los rescatistas el día de la explosión, mencionado por Knatchbull, fue & lsquoWhitey & rsquo Gilbride, miembro del equipo de rescate costero y activista y partidario vitalicio del IRA. Knatchbull vuelve a cometer un error cuando afirma que los "ataques" fueron tremendamente bien recibidos en los círculos republicanos y "rsquo". Muchos republicanos sintieron que el asesinato fue un error táctico y, por numerosas razones, hizo mucho daño a su causa.

Realidad o fantasía
El autor toma todas las historias extravagantes, demasiado numerosas para mencionarlas aquí, como un hecho sin verificar o corroborar sus hechos. Una de esas afirmaciones es de una anciana en su edad, Lady Aideen Gore-Booth de Lissadell House, que se realizaron disparos alrededor de su casa la noche del asesinato. Si hubiera consultado con las personas que viven en la zona, le habrían dicho que la afirmación era producto de la imaginación de una anciana.
Mentirosos patológicos, tipo Walter Mitty: Knatchbull los ha visitado a todos, ha anotado sus historias y las ha presentado como un hecho. Por ejemplo, una de las muchas afirmaciones de una mujer que vivió en el pueblo durante algunos años, a la que se le han dado varias páginas, afirma que la IRA local le dijo a ella en 1981 que cerrara su negocio cada vez que moría un atacante de hambre y en otro ocasión tuvo & lsquoScotch cerdos ir a casa & rsquo pintado en su casa. Ninguna afirmación es cierta. ¡Es bien sabido localmente que ella misma embadurnó el eslogan solo para estar en medio de una sensación! She was that kind of person. Other &lsquorevelations&rsquo in the book, such as her having Makem and Clancy booked for a function are equally wishful thinking and fantasy.
Another incident, not mentioed in the book, is a rather funny story of how this woman found herself in the middle of a major incident at a British army checkpoint on the Irish border in Belleek, Co. Fermanagh. It was Christmas and she had brought a box of biscuits to the soldiers as a Christmas present. The soldiers were astonished as no Irish person had ever done this before. Fearing it was a ruse and that the box contained a bomb she was immediately surrounded. Training their guns on her they ordered her to leave the box on the ground at once and step back. After a controlled explosion it was discovered the box did really contain biscuits, which were now &lsquobeyond use&rsquo, and she was released from custody.

'Paper won't refuse ink'
But back to the book. In short this publication is living proof of the old adage that &lsquopaper won&rsquot refuse ink&rsquo. It is shot through with inaccuracies, opinion, misrepresentation, half fact and half fiction. Outside of his own personal experiences on the day, the content of this book is fanciful. Nevertheless, as stated at the beginning of this article we are inclined to be generous and indulge him, given his traumatic experience, in purging his life-changing near death encounter.

Regardless of its failings, given that the Mountbatten assassination is so well known worldwide this book will sell extremely well. The downside is that readers will be misinformed about many aspects surrounding the assassination. Prior to any reprint the author would be well advised, in the interests of acuracy and his own credibility, to widen his circle of informants. The result should be a more credible account.
The events of that day in August 1979 have, for better or worse, connected him forever, albeit for the wrong reasons, to Mullaghmore, a small and remote village on the western fringe of the Atlantic. The residents of Mullaghmore are misfortunate also in having events thrust upon them which they did not invite, and which the media continue to trawl up anew.

Of several letters received from Canadian readers concerning the above article the following is representative:

"I want to thank you for producing the story on Lord Louis Mountbatten. I remember that day very well and a few of the fellows up here in Canada took pause to remember the person who was responsible for the death and capture of 3,900 Canadians soldiers, in one day, who were sent to be slaughtered at Dieppe by one of most inept military leaders who ever existed - Lord Louis Mountbatten.

The slaughter of Canadian troops by English military commanders was one of the the prime reasons why Canada set up an independent army in WW2. The experience of WW1 taught Canadians the lesson that the English military brass had little or no appreciation of the value of human life.

The Dieppe Raid started with a memo from the Allies invasion planning group to the operations staff headed by Lord Mountbatten: What developed was a plan that violated the military principles of Unity of Command, Simplicity and Concentration. A fiasco was in the works and Canadian forces would bear the brunt of the failure. In an effort to test amphibious invasion techniques and the land and air response of the defenders, a complicated five-part land, sea and air operational plan developed that left the disjointed attacking force outgunned in every sector over an eleven-mile front. These forces included 5,000 Canadian infantrymen and tankers from the 2nd Division, 1,100 British commandos and a smattering of US Rangers and Free French forces.

On the morning of the assault, August 19, 1942, the element of surprise was lost by the chance meeting of the invasion ships and a coastal convoy. On the flanks some of the commando efforts were effective, but on the highlands west of Dieppe proper, the South Saskatchewan Regiment got bogged down and at Puys to the east, the Royal Regiment of Canada was destroyed taking 94.5% casualties.

The main attack on the beach front before Dieppe began at 5:20 and was met with crushing machine gun fire. The battle focused on the shore side casino which was eventually captured after room-to-room fighting. German defensive fire continued to increase in intensity throughout the morning. A tank assault by 27 new Churchill tanks failed to break into town. An evacuation was ordered to commence at 11am, but it turned into a horror. At 12:20 the attempts to save the survivors was abandoned. The failure was total. Over 3,600 raiders were dead or captured. The huge majority of these were Canadian soldiers.

The memory of the carnage at Dieppe under the incompetent direction of Lord Louis Mountbatten will never be forgotten in Canada."

Do you agree or disagree with the writer? Your opinion aquí


THE ASSASSINATION OF LORD LOUIS MOUNTBATTEN 40 YEARS AGO

On August 27, 1979, Lord Louis Mountbatten was assassinated when Irish Republican Army (IRA) terrorists detonated a 50-pound bomb hidden on his uniquely green fishing boat Shadow V.

Mountbatten, a huge war hero, elder statesman, and second cousin of Queen Elizabeth II was spending the day with his family in Donegal Bay off Ireland’s northwest coast when the bomb exploded.

Three others were killed in the attack, including Mountbatten’s 14-year-old grandson, Nicholas. Later that day, an IRA bombing attack on land killed 18 British paratroopers in County Down, Northern Ireland.

The assassination of Mountbatten was the first blow struck against the British royal family by the IRA during its long terrorist campaign to drive the British out of Northern Ireland and unite it with the Republic of Ireland to the south. The attack hardened the hearts of many Brits against the IRA and convinced Margaret Thatcher’s government to take a hard-line stance against the terrorist organization.

Louis Mountbatten, the son of Prince Louis of Battenberg and a great-grandson of Queen Victoria I, entered the Royal Navy in 1913, when he was in his early teens.

He saw service during World War I and at the outbreak of World War II was the commander of the 5th destroyer flotilla. His destroyer, the HMS Kelly, was sunk off Crete early in the war. In 1941, he commanded an aircraft carrier, and in 1942 he was named the chief of combined operations.

From this position, he was appointed supreme Allied commander for Southeast Asia in 1943 and successfully conducted the campaign against Japan that led to the recapture of Burma.


In 1947, he was appointed the last viceroy of India, and he conducted the negotiations that led to independence for India and Pakistan later that year. He held various high naval posts in the 1950s and served as chief of the United Kingdom Defense Staff and chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee.

Meanwhile, he was made Viscount Mountbatten of Burma and a first earl. He was the uncle of Philip Mountbatten and introduced Philip to the future Queen Elizabeth. He later encouraged the marriage of the two distant cousins and became godfather and mentor to their first born, Charles, Prince of Wales.


Made governor and then lord lieutenant of the Isle of Wight in his retirement, Lord Mountbatten was a respected and beloved member of the royal family. His assassination on August 27, 1979, was perhaps the most shocking of all horrors inflicted by the IRA against the United Kingdom.

In addition to his grandson Nicholas, 15-year-old boat hand Paul Maxwell was killed in the attack the Dowager Lady Brabourne, Nicholas’ grandmother, was also fatally injured. Mountbatten’s grandson Timothy–Nicholas’ twin–was injured as was his daughter, Lady Brabourne and the twins’ father, Lord Brabourne. Lord Mountbatten was 79.

The IRA immediately claimed responsibility for the attack, saying it detonated the bomb by remote control from the coast. It also took responsibility for the same-day bombing attack against British troops in County Down, which claimed 18 lives.

IRA member Thomas McMahon was later arrested and convicted of preparing and planting the bomb that destroyed Mountbatten’s boat. A near-legend in the IRA, he was a leader of the IRA’s notorious South Armagh Brigade, which killed more than 100 British soldiers. He was one of the first IRA members to be sent to Libya to train with detonators and timing devices and was an expert in explosives.


Authorities believe the Mountbatten assassination was the work of many people, but McMahon was the only individual convicted. One of the suspected bombers (Burns) blew himself up while working on his own bomb. Sentenced to life in prison, he was released in 1998 along with other IRA and Unionist terrorists under a controversial provision of the Good Friday Agreement, Northern Ireland’s peace deal. McMahon claimed he had turned his back on the IRA and was becoming a carpenter.


Fury over claim that IRA did not kill Mountbatten

A CONTROVERSIAL new book which claims that the IRA did not murder Lord Mountbatten has been dismissed as “nonsense”.

The book, Terminate with Extreme Prejudice, by author Richard Belfield, claims that Lord Mountbatten, was killed by another terror group – the INLA.

The book also claims that since the early 1970s there was an agreement in place between the leadership of the IRA and the top brass of the Army in London that the Royal Family was ‘off limits’.

But the book was dismissed as “nonsense” today by North Antrim Assembly member Ian Paisley jnr.

Cousin to the Queen, Lord Louis Mountbatten (79), was murdered on August 27, 1979, when a bomb exploded on his fishing boat near his holiday home at Mullaghmore, Sligo.

He was murdered on the same day that 18 soldiers were killed in a bomb attack near Warrenpoint in Co Down.

Terminate With Extreme Prejudice is published by Constable & Robinson and sets out to ‘expose the assassination game, its killers and their paymasters’.

Author Richard Belfield is a London-based journalist and film maker.

He argues that throughout the Troubles there was continual dialogue between the Government and republican and loyalist paramilitaries – through back-channels and face-to-face meetings.

In the book he says: “In a round-table meeting British Army commanders warned their IRA counterparts that the Royal Family was off limits.”

According to Belfield the IRA kept to this arrangement and were not responsible for the bomb which killed Mountbatten and three other people.

According to the author the Army’s own internal investigation concluded that the bomb was identical in its key elements to those used by the INLA.

Belfield argues that because the attack at Warrenpoint happened on the same day that Lord Mountbatten was murdered it was unlikely that the IRA carried out both incidents.

He said the purpose of the Warrenpoint attack was to achieve a ‘propaganda coup’ but instead the IRA lost the ‘PR war’ as it was blamed on the ‘cowardly assassination of a pensioner’.

He continued: “The internal British Army view was that they (the IRA) did not carry out two major operations on the same day and furthermore did not have enough skilled bombers to do both.

“However, at the time it suited their propaganda purposes to blame the IRA.”

Rejecting the book’s claims Mr Paisley said: “This is just an attempt to rewrite history. No student of history will buy into this nonsense.”


The Crown and the assassination of Lord Mountbatten: fact or fiction?

The new series of The Crown, Netflix’s hit drama about the British royal family, begins with an episode featuring one of the most shocking episodes of the Troubles: the killing of Lord Louis Mountbatten, in August 1979, at Mullaghmore, in Co Sligo.

There is no disputing that it was murder: the IRA blew up the boat he was on. But the accuracy of other aspects of the programme’s portrayal of Mountbatten, and his relationship with his great-nephew Prince Charles, are open to question. In fact some scenes are “complete bo***cks”, according to one biographer of the admiral, who was supreme allied commander for south-east Asia during the second World War, the last viceroy of India, and chief of the UK defence staff.

Although often a contentious figure, Mountbatten was, at the age of 79, long retired from public life, and by the time of his death he had been coming to Ireland, to stay at Classiebawn Castle, for 30 years.

Compounding public outrage at the time, the bomb on Mountbatten’s boat, Shadow V, killed three other people: his 14-year-old grandson Nicholas Knatchbull, Lady Doreen Brabourne, Nicholas’s 83-year-old paternal grandmother, and Paul Maxwell, a 15-year-old boat boy.

Nicholas’s parents – Mountbatten’s daughter Patricia and her husband, John – and his identical twin, Timothy, were badly injured in the blast.

The IRA described the killing as an execution that would “bring to the attention of the English people the continuing occupation of our country”. In a particularly brutal rejoinder, the terrorist group said it hoped the killings would “tear out their sentimental imperialist hearts”.

That same day the IRA killed 18 British soldiers at Warrenpoint, in Co Down.

Ironically, Mountbatten was a supporter of a united Ireland in 1972 he had gone so far as to offer his services to the Irish ambassador in London, as an intermediary. This was not known at the time of his death it surfaced only when Irish State papers were released in 2007.

Relacionado

Mountbatten’s biographer Andrew Lownie says the first episode of the fourth series of The Crown leaves out some significant details about the killing, most notably that Mountbatten had ignored the advice of his personal security officer not to go to Ireland that year and that his security had been reduced. “Why would he ignore that advice and risk his family? That was an extraordinary thing to do.”

Before his death, Mountbatten is depicted as having had a furious row with Prince Charles about Charles’s affair with Camilla Parker Bowles. Mountbatten tells him to stop seeing her Charles accuses him of hypocrisy and says that neither the admiral nor his wife, Edwina, is in a position to lecture anybody about adultery.

Later, a grieving Charles is seen opening a last letter from Mountbatten, in which Mountbatten reminds him that the previous prince of Wales (who became Edward VIII) came to grief over a woman and that Charles’s infatuation with another man’s wife “will bring ruin and disappointment” to him. Instead, he exhorts Charles to find “some sweet, innocent, well-tempered girl with no past”.

These are the scenes that Lownie, author of The Mountbattens: Their Lives & Loves, describes as “complete bo***cks”. They would never have happened like that, he says. Mountbatten “would have told him to settle down but to have her as a mistress, on the side. He would not have asked him to make a choice.”

The episode has provoked some ill-informed commentary on social media. Two key misapprehensions are worth clarifying.

India

Contrary to what many have said online, Mountbatten, as the last viceroy, did not cause the partition of India. That resulted from the failure of the Indian leadership, particularly the Muslim League, to agree to a unitary state. The Muslim League insisted on the creation of two separate Muslim states, which became Pakistan and Bangladesh.

Mountbatten has been criticised for bringing forward the date of Indian independence to August 1947. He did so at a time when communal violence was increasing on a daily basis. Nevertheless, he was well regarded in India and asked to stay on as governor-general of the independent Indian state.

After his death, India declared seven days of mourning, and Mountbatten was praised by the Indian president for his “statesmanship, sagacity and wisdom”.

Paedophilia

The other allegation that has surfaced as a result of the Netflix series – although it does not feature in it – is that Mountbatten was a paedophile.

Lownie’s book uncovered an FBI file from 1944, when Mountbatten was supreme allied commander for south-east Asia. In the file, Baroness Decies, a family acquaintance of the Mountbattens, describes the couple as “persons of extremely low morals” and Mountbatten as a “homosexual with a perversion for young boys”.

Closer to home, Lownie interviews in the book two men who were teenagers at the time of Mountbatten’s death. One was from the notorious Kincora Boys’ Home, in Belfast, which has been at the centre of allegations of a paedophile ring involving well-connected men. The other claimed to have met Mountbatten four times that summer at Classiebawn.

Lownie says he had heard allegations of Mountbatten’s paedophilia but was inclined to dismiss them as rumours. “I came to the book with no view. I followed the evidence,” he says.

He suggests the IRA may have killed Mountbatten because of the allegations that he was a paedophile rather than because of his position in the British Empire. “There were a lot of IRA people in that area. I am pretty sure they knew [the rumours]. They could have killed him any time in the last 30 years” of his life.

Lownie says attempts to get to the heart of what happened with Mountbatten’s death have been thwarted by the failure of the UK National Archives to release its files about Kincora Boys’ Home. “There is so much in this story that has not been looked at.”


Mountbatten was baptized at his home in Frogmore, where the little tyke wore an 1841 royal christening gown. The garment has quite the legacy. No fewer than six kings and queens, including Queen Elizabeth II, wore the robe. Not content to merely wear history, little Mountbatten also got connected with the up-and-ups very quickly. His godparents were Queen Victoria and Tsar Nicholas II.

Pixabay

FBI files allege Lord Mountbatten, murdered by the IRA, was a pedophile

An FBI dossier on Mountbatten, released in 2019, thanks to a Freedom of Information request, reveals shocking information about the royal who was a mentor to his grand-nephew Prince Charles.

The 75-year-old intelligence files describe Louis Mountbatten, the 1st Earl of Burma, and his wife Edwina as "persons of extremely low morals" and contain information suggesting that Lord Mountbatten was a pedophile with "a perversion for young boys."

1922: Louis Francis Victor Albert Nicholas, Ist Earl Mountbatten Of Burma (1900 - 1979) on his wedding day to Edwina Cynthia Annette Ashley. (Foto de Hulton Archive / Getty Images)

American intelligence officers began compiling the dossier in 1944 after Mountbatten was named supreme allied commander of southeast Asia. They were obtained via an FOI request by British historian Andrew Lownie, whose book, The Mountbattens: Their Lives & Loves, will be published on August 22.

When the Baroness Decies, Elizabeth de la Poer Beresford, was being interviewed by the FBI about another topic, she raised concerns about Lord Mountbatten.

The file reads: "She states that in these circles Lord Louis Mountbatten and his wife are considered persons of extremely low morals.

"She stated that Lord Louis Mountbatten was known to be a homosexual with a perversion for young boys.

"In Lady Decies' opinion he is an unfit man to direct any sort of military operations because of this condition. She stated further that his wife Lady Mountbatten was considered equally erratic.'

The interview was signed "EE Conroy", head of the New York field office, who wrote that she "appears to have no special motive in making the above statements."

Lownie's book also includes an interview with Anthony Daly, work worked as a rent boy for London's rich and famous during the 1970s. Daly claims that "Mountbatten had something of a fetish for uniforms — handsome young men in military uniforms (with high boots) and beautiful boys in school uniform."

28th March 1947: Lord Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900-1979), takes the salute from the Governor General's bodyguard at Viceroy House in New Delhi, as he takes up his position as Viceroy of India. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

Newsweek has speculated whether television series The Crown, which hasn't shied away from addressing royal scandals and rumors in the past, will broach the question of Lord Mountbatten's friendship with the DJ Jimmy Savile. Hundreds of accusations of predatory and pedophilic sexual abuse against Savile were investigated following his death in 2011:

"It's not clear whether The Crown will ever address Mountbatten's friendship with Savile, sometimes linked to the investigation of Kincora Boys' Home in Ireland, a school that many believe housed a pedophilia ring for powerful British men. The show has certainly fictionalized rumors regarding the royal family, but even hinting that Mountbatten (or Charles) knew his buddy Savile had dark intentions would be a daring—perhaps even damning—move."

Mountbatten holidayed every summer at Classiebawn Castle on Mullaghmore Harbor in County Sligo. On August 27, 1979, he was killed in a bomb attack carried out by the IRA.

22nd May 1979: Charles, Prince of Wales and Lord Louis Mountbatten (Louis, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma) (1900 -1979) cutting a ribbon to allow the public to enter Lord Mountbatten's home, Broadlands in Romsey, Hampshire. (Photo by Central Press/Getty Images)

He had, along with family and friends, embarked on a lobster-potting and angling expedition when a bomb on board was detonated just a few hundred yards from the harbor.

He died of his injuries, along with his grandson Nicholas Knatchbull (14), local boy Paul Maxwell (15), who was helping on the boat, and Lady Brabourne (83), his eldest daughter’s mother-in-law.

Prince Charles, who described Lord Mountbatten as "the grandfather I never had," visited the site of his assassination in 2015.

Love Irish history? Share your favorite stories with other history buffs in the IrishCentral History Facebook group.


Royals’ Pedophiles? Prince Charles and Pedophile Jimmy Savile Andrew’s Secret Hard Drive and Did the Royals Assassinate Pedophile Lord Mountbatten?

The links to Kincora Boys’ Home – the scene of serious organized child sexual abuse, are the most damning part of the story – there are still efforts to get the visitors’ logs to Lord Mountbatten’s estate in Ireland, which might prove that children from Kincora were being trafficked to him:

Other names linked to abuse at Kincora are Sir Anthony Blunt, Surveyor of the Queen’s Pictures and Soviet spy, and Sir Maurice Oldfield, former head of the Secret Intelligence Service. While official inquiries have refuted these claims, there is still every sign of a cover-up:

Jimmy Savile – the pedophile.

Why is it so important to keep all these secrets from the past? Just consider this: Mountbatten introduced his big pal Jimmy Savile, the vicious serial child rapist, to Prince Charles. Charles then invited Savile into his office to help him draft speeches. Charles is guilty of associations just as heinous as Andrew’s, and of allowing them even closer to the seat of power.

So all the blame is being placed on Andrew, and any whispers about Mountbatten and Savile and Charles must be suppressed.

There are even worse accusations against Charles and Andrew. The American researcher Field McConnell gave a talk in the U.K., part of the Alternative View series, in which he alleged that Prince Andrew had received thumb drives “for his collection” containing particularly horrendous rape and snuff movies that had been filmed by a demented Canadian military aviator named Col. Russell Williams, and that Prince Charles was working with Williams on further exploits.

Here is the video, you can hear this material from about 52:20 (you’ll get used to McConnell’s elliptical style):

Here is a reference to this talk:

This is a short account of the vile deeds of Russell Williams, how he videoed the rape and murder of two women:

And this is a video of Russell Williams being photographed at Heathrow Airport with Queen Elizabeth in 2005, after personally flying her from Canada to Britain:

It’s not often you see the Queen in such close smiling proximity to a known serial killer. The Royal Family has an unfortunate habit of hanging around with serial rapists – Epstein, Weinstein, Savile – but Col. Russell Williams takes things to a new level. No wonder it’s all been kept very quiet.

Field McConnell provides the identity of the police detective who gave him most of this information on the flash drives being forwarded to the British royals, saying this man had been kicked off the force and was now a hopeless alcoholic. Another reference to these allegations is this:

Here, the following question is asked: “Is an archive of material being built up and stored of this abusive behavior – possibly of snuff films, sex and torture, perhaps involving children – and stored in online archives, to be used to blackmail and extort? Is this material being archived via D2 Banking at One Canada Square, Canary Wharf, London?”

Field McConnell is an extremely controversial character, but I am completely certain that he would not make accusations like this – especially not while standing on British soil, and with a British wife – unless he was very certain of his information. Since there seems to be no other trace of these allegations on the Internet, and since very great efforts are being made to silence Field McConnell, I feel this story should be put on the record here.

But there’s more on Mountbatten. I recently had a house guest whose godfather (really) was “Uncle Dickie”, Lord Mountbatten himself, which he mentioned frequently, to the point where I was forced to ask – are you aware of these allegations against good old Uncle Dickie? And to my surprise, he had never heard of Kincora Boys’ Home or any of the other gossip about Mountbatten, although gossip seemed to be his main stock in trade.

However, he did ask me if I’d heard about the plot to overthrow Harold Wilson. I had just read a biography of Solly Zuckerman, the government’s chief scientific advisor, who was invited to a meeting with Mountbatten and a group of influential businessmen where the idea of a coup against Prime Minister Wilson was mooted. The plan was that Mountbatten would become the interim king until order could be restored. Lord Zuckerman said this was treason, he wanted nothing to do with it, and left the meeting.

So I said yes, I was familiar with the story, and then found that my informant’s extremely wealthy father was present at this very meeting and was a main financial backer of this planned coup.

You can see at around 45:20 in this quite good, partly dramatized video of the whole story of this coup plot, how Mountbatten saw himself as the “strong man” who would restore order in Britain:

Now, it was not too long after this that Mountbatten was blown to bits by the IRA while sailing a boat off the coast of Ireland. A top IRA bombmaker called Thomas McMahon was jailed for this:

However, there have always been whispers about this murder, that it was not quite what it seemed. And my visitor confirmed this. He said that around the same time, the British government acted to completely ruin his father, destroying him with a vast tax bill and totally bankrupting him. His mother committed suicide and his father died shortly afterwards of cancer.

But: before this all unfolded, his mother said to him, “You know, I think they’re going to kill Uncle Dickie.” They could see that the tide was turning against all the plotters. You don’t plan high treason against the Crown and expect to get away with it, even if your name is Mountbatten. The fact that the elite used the Irish to carry out the execution was perhaps a message about his nefarious activities in that country.

My informant then spent years spending his inheritance and living a surprisingly high life in the shadows in London, while dodging a hundred-million-pound tax bill. He is now living in his apartment in Budapest, and the last I heard, was panicking about how Brexit was going to affect his status there. I’m glad I don’t have the worries of the rich.

Say what you like, the British Royal Family remains an extremely powerful institution, even as it flails about like an octopus with its head cut off. Personally, I think there’s no way that Prince Charles should ever be allowed to be king, just because of his ghastly absence of judgment with Jimmy Savile. If he could not smell that Savile was a creep de luxe, then there’s something drastically wrong with that aristocratic nose.

Just so you understand what I mean by my informant “living the high life”, he had a best buddy, not quite a Lord, a Viscount or something. I honestly can’t remember his full name or title, although I was shown his story on the Internet. His first name had to be Freddy, of course, so we’ll just call him Lord Freddy.

Lord Freddy was an outrageous homosexual with a predilection for tying up, beating and raping young rent boys. My informant was quite aware of this, and saw one of these severely beaten boys at Lord Freddy’s apartment once. I asked if this didn’t bother him. He said, not really.

They used to go for drives and hijinks in the countryside. They stopped at a village fete once, where there was a “sale of work” for charity – all kinds of little homemade items, from pickles to lampshades, a very English thing. By tradition, even the humblest contribution is treated very respectfully.

Lord Freddy was amused at the seriousness of the whole affair, so to lighten the atmosphere, he bought literally everything on display. He then wrapped all the goods up in a curtain, took a sledgehammer, and personally smashed the whole lot to pieces in front of all of them, to show the good people of the village how their efforts appeared to sophisticates like him. My informant thought this was hilarious.

I was genuinely amazed that this fellow was so close to all the nefariousness, and yet seemed completely oblivious of stories like Kincora, even as a godson of Uncle Dickie himself. So at one point I asked him if he knew Dolphin Square, an apartment block near Parliament, highly favored by politicians, and which features in all the most ghastly stories of child rape and murder among the British elite.

Oh, said my guest, Dolphin Square was where Lord Freddy lived, he knew it well.

He didn’t seem to show any surprise that, out of all the apartment blocks in the whole of London, I knew the exact one where his seriously delinquent pal lived. Lord Freddy committed suicide in Paris after fleeing Britain following some particularly lurid scandal. I’m not especially interested in pursuing this story, but if you recognize this person, you can perhaps confirm these disturbing tales about him.

What’s the future for Prince Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor and the rest of the royal clan? Can Charles righteously channel his rage against Andrew for spilling the beans, when he himself was best friends forever with Jimmy Savile? Will the sordid story of Anthony Blunt, the arrogant upper-class traitor who sold out to Communism, now take another and even more devious turn?

Dwight Eisenhower is supposed to have said, “The future is just the history they haven’t told you yet.” Remember, apocalypse means disclosure, revelation. It’s an information explosion, not a nuclear holocaust. The atom bombs are just the elite’s way of desperately trying to change the subject.


‘Mountbatten, the Private Story’ — an insight into hidden aspects of Lord Mountbatten’s life

Writing biography is actually re-writing the history in creative non-fiction genre. It is a gigantic task for a biographer to collect facts through authentic sources and present true and credible story. A biography reveals realities, success, failure, and private life of the personality. Brian Hoey, journalist and writer on royal family, focuses on the private story of Mountbatten in this book. His sources of gathering information for the book are primary. They are Mountbatten’s daughters, son-in-laws, grandchildren and granddaughter-in-laws who shared their memories about Mountbatten, and as well the secondary sources.

Hoey starts the book from climax to anti-climax (from most important point of his assassination to least significant events). After covering brief accounts of Mountbatten’s life, the biographer devotes the first two opening chapters in meticulous to the details of the tragic assassination and funeral rite of Mountbatten. On August 27, 1979, Mountbatten sets for an excursion trip on his personal boat, Shadow V in Irish coast. His family members including daughter, son-in-law along with his mother, and grandchildren also decide to join the tour. The IRA terrorists conceal bomb in the boat that blows up, killing three people including Mountbatten. Despite serious threat from IRA, Mountbatten refuses to confine his activities. IRA claims responsibility for the attack and later executes two suspects in order to satisfy Britain and America. It is not clear if they were the real culprits. Hoey narrates the fateful day with minute details, uninteresting for most readers.

As opposed to all notorieties of his personal life, Mountbatten’s military career was brilliant and envious for most of his contemporaries. He was a highly decorated soldier in the British armed forces

The next chapter covers funeral rite of Mountbatten. As far back as 1967 Mountbatten had begun making preparations for his funeral. In an interview with BBC2, he talked about plans of his funeral. He preferred ordinary coffin. Four days later his body and those of Doreen, Lady Brabourne and their grandson Nicholas arrived by air at Eastleigh Airport near Southampton. The joint funeral is held on September 5, 1979. Heads of states, foreign dignitaries, Royal services chiefs, diplomats and tens of thousands of people attend the royal funeral. As titled the book, Mountbatten — the private story, presenting such superfluous accounts of funeral is not absolutely needed to be recorded which tantamount to deviation from title of the book.

The Mountbatten family had been royal blood for generations. It ruled for decades over the German state of Hesse. The 19th century German society was strictly class-ridden in which the elites never intermarried with people of inferior class. Class consciousness was especially prominent among the royal circles. Marrying below social status could lead to demotion of status or even ostracism for a royal person. This was exactly the case with Mountbatten’s grandfather Prince Alexander who eloped with a Polish girl of a lower social status. As a punishment, Prince Alexander is stripped of his title and forced to leave the Russian army which he had joined by the virtue of his familial relations with the Tsars. Following this humiliation, Alexander moves to Austria. He joins the Austrian army and becomes a general. There, his five sons are born including Prince Louis who was father of Mountbatten. Later in 1868, Prince Louis moves to England where Mountbatten is born on 25th June 1900.

The Mountbatten family had a love for the British Royal Navy which is evident from the fact that Mountbatten, his father and elder brother all served in the Royal Navy at key positions. During the WWI, the British army doubts Prince Louis’s commitment to fighting the German because Louis was a German by race. This leads to his resignation. To avoid the fate of his father, Mountbatten changes his original name of Prince Louis Francis to Louis Mountbatten in order to demonstrate that he was a patriotic British soldier. He rises in his profession and earns over a dozen distinctions.

However, the most revealing accounts of Mountbatten’s private life are given in chapter five which contains the most intimate details ever written by a writer. The writer depicts Mountbatten as an extremely controversial figure. According to the author, Mountbatten’s private life was defined by romances of all sorts. He enjoyed both heterosexuality and homosexuality. A womaniser of the highest order, he was always accompanied by beautiful women whom he bedded frequently. Mountbatten took pleasure in chasing and winning every woman he fancied about. Talking about sex openly was no anomaly for him. He collected pictures of attractive women and enjoyed pornography. The author claims Mountbatten bedded all women he knew. His most famous women companions included Marjorie, Peggy, Mary, Poppy, Yola and Audrey. He fell in love with all of them and enjoyed their company. Ultimately, Mountbatten marries Edwina Ashley who was to later become equally notorious for her extramarital affairs.

The most notorious aspect of Mountbatten’s life, however, was his homosexuality. His love for homosexuality was as declared as his hunger for heterosexuality. The author mentions many men who were sexually involved with the playboy Lord. Most notorious among them were Alan Warren, Malcolm Sargent, Noel Coward and the Irish man Peter Murphy. The writer has quoted some letters exchanged between Mountbatten and his homosexual partners. These letters expose a very dark side of the British Lord who is otherwise known as a British hero in history.

Although Mountbatten lived a royal life, decorated with all the facilities that a royal blood normally enjoys, yet the abundant luxuries became available to him only after he married Edwina. Edwina inherited a large fortune plus properties from his grandfather. Edwina’s fortune helped crystallise all the sexual fantasies of his husband. It is remarkable that Mountbatten always evaded tax whenever he found the opportunity to do so.

As opposed to all notorieties of his personal life, Mountbatten’s military career was brilliant and envious for most of his contemporaries. He was a highly decorated soldier in the British armed forces. However, nepotism ran deep in the Royal army. For example, Winston Churchill made Mountbatten chief of combined operations with acting ranks of vice admiral, lieutenant general in the army and air marshal in the Royal air force by superseding other senior generals. Mountbatten’s military career touches its peak when the Japanese forces surrender unconditionally before him in Singapore at the end of WWII.

Following the WWII, the British Government tasks Lord Mountbatten to go to India and find a solution to the issue of power transition to the Indians. Britain knew that transfer of power to the Indians would inevitably lead to bloodshed among the Hindus and Muslims. Mountbatten’s mission was to do the job with minimum possibility of bloodshed. The deadline for the task was June 1948 but Mountbatten believed that the longer the period of negotiations, the more serious the bloodshed would likely be. So he cut down the deadline to August 1947. Mountbatten had to negotiate the transition with a troika which consisted of Gandhi, Nehru and Jinnah. The last demanded division of India while the former two opposed it. Mountbatten wanted a peaceful settlement, yet he was aware that bloodshed would take place whether India was divided or not. The entire period of negotiations with the Indian leaders was extremely fragile. However, Mountbatten tackles the crises in expert manners. Ultimately, Lord Mountbatten divides India into two states of India and Pakistan.

Life accounts of Lord Mountbatten have widely been produced in many books. What makes this book outstanding are the hidden aspects of his life especially his addiction for bisexuality. The revealing accounts of this book put many dark spots on the otherwise clean and bright life story of Lord Mountbatten. The author has made serious efforts in collecting facts about Mountbatten that had been scattered across the royal family. However, it is also important to mention that a lot of pages contain unnecessary details that make readers ennui. Overall, the book brings forth the unknown parts of Mountbatten’s life and makes his life picture complete.

The writer is a former policy development officer and member research committee of NACTA


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